Nemecko a Francúzsko na jar 2018 iniciovali vznik „Aliancie pre multilateralizmus“ na podporu globálnej spolupráce v čase rastúceho nacionalizmu a izolacionizmu. Ide o voľné združenie približne 50 krajín, ktoré sa snažia o posilnenie medzinárodnej spolupráce, reformu medzinárodných inštitúcií a riešenie rôznych globálnych otázok, ako sú napr. odzbrojenie, digitalizácia a zmena podnebia. Prvé oficiálne stretnutie sa uskutočnilo počas rokovania Valného zhromaždenia OSN v New Yorku. Publikujeme vystúpenia H. Maasa a F. Mogheriniovej na tejto udalosti.
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Statement by Foreign Minister Maas at the event “Alliance for Multilateralism: Building the Network and Presenting Results” in New York
New York, 26/09/2019
What brings us together today is a joint belief and a strong conviction that global problems cannot be solved by one country alone.
We need to work together. We need to do so in the context of strong international institutions, especially in the framework of the United Nations.
Despite all the crises we are facing – the rules-based international order has brought us peace and prosperity like never before in human history.
We need to protect it against being devalued and disregarded.
We also need to adapt it to new challenges and technological developments, from new weapons systems to the digital revolution.
And we need to reform it – to make it more inclusive, more representative, and more effective.
Today, we are all here to show that this approach works. Many of us have been working on different concrete initiatives. Each of us will have an opportunity to sign up to them.
This is exactly what I had in mind when I first brought up the idea of an “Alliance for Multilateralism”: A network of countries coming together in flexible formats to address concrete policy challenges.
One of the issues particularly dear to our hearts, and central to the rules we all need to play by, is respect for international humanitarian law.
Today, Germany and France are presenting an initiative that has emerged from our twin Presidencies of the UN Security Council this spring: the “Humanitarian Call for Action”.
This Call aims to strengthen respect for international humanitarian law and for principled humanitarian action.
Joining this “Call for Action” implies taking practical measures:
- spreading knowledge on international humanitarian law and principles,
- supporting those who negotiate humanitarian access
- and offering humanitarian workers improved protection.
I want to encourage you all to endorse this Call.
Looking around the room today, I have no doubt that we have the critical mass to make a difference! But to be successful, we must carry this message far beyond this room. We must demonstrate concrete benefits of multilateral engagement to our citizens.
That is how we can build “the future we want”, the motto of the UN’s 75th anniversary next year. Let’s build this future together! Work together. Multilaterally.
Thank you for joining us!
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Speech by the High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini at the launch event of the Alliance for Multilateralism
New York, 26/09/2019
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Heiko [Maas, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Germany], Jean-Yves [Minister for Foreign Affairs of France], We have joined the Alliance for Multilateralism precisely because we all share the same goal: we all want to protect, reform and expand the multilateral system of global governance.
Protect, reform and expand: these are the three ideas that led to the creation of this Alliance, and they are also the exact same goals that we put – as European Union-, three years ago, at the core of the European Union’s Global Strategy for foreign and security policy.
These goals have shaped our foreign policy in very practical ways. They are the compass of our action in the world on every single issue. But today the focus is mostly on how to expand the multilateral system to policy areas that lack effective governance and require collective action.
I would like to focus in particular on two of the initiatives proposed today.
First, on cyber security and on autonomous weapon systems. As you know, two years ago we have set up the Global Tech Panel to help us reflect on some of the issues of our times, where governments and tech need to work together in partnership to solve global problems or at least contribute to solve global problems. The panel includes leaders from industry, start ups, financial capitals, civil society and academia. All sharing a same sense of urgency on how to make the most out of the opportunities of the digital technologies for human development, but also how to mitigate from possible harms.
We have benefitted from their collective genius and their technical expertise on complicated issues such as lethal autonomous weapons systems – which we discussed jointly with EU defence ministers in August – and on cybersecurity. The Global Tech Panel can offer important contributions to the Alliance work on fostering genuine conversations in problem-solving spirit.
Second, on climate security. In these years, we have put „Climate, peace and security“ at the core of our agenda. And I totally subscribe your call for coordination, sharing of information, and regular reports on climate-related risks.
Let me just mention that in recent years we have made our European satellite images available to countries that were facing extreme weather events. This is world-class technology, the best global system of satellite images, which we shared for free.
When we invest in the fight against climate change, we invest in our own security. This is a hard-core security issue. The good news is: this is not irreversible. Climate change is man-made, and solutions are also man-made.
On climate, just like on all security issues, the world needs our cooperation. Multilateral solutions are, first and foremost, more just and equal, because they take more voices into account. But multilateral solutions are also much more effective, because only by joining forces we can tackle the complex crises of our times.
Multilateralism is the answer, and we are proud to be part of this Alliance.
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